The COVID-19 pandemic has led to a number of crises of a well being, financial and social nature. To face this disaster, the Authorities of Senegal has taken varied measures to restrict the disastrous penalties on the financial system and the completely different social sectors.
Thus, a primary sequence of measures fall below a state of well being emergency. These have been associated to the institution of a curfew at night time, the prohibition of inter-city journey, closure of mosques, and so on. On the identical time, to mitigate the financial and social influence of the coronavirus pandemic, the Authorities developed and started implementing an Financial and Social Resilience Plan (PRES) with a fund known as FORCE-COVID-19 amounting to FCFA 1,000 billion, or 7% of GDP. This quantity was used to help the well being sector, the diaspora and susceptible households, to pay water and electrical energy payments, to partially remission of the tax debt, and so on. Almost 80% of the assets have been particularly allotted to companies with the intention to protect jobs and keep the productive capacities of the Senegalese financial system. Along with the PRES, different sectoral measures have been taken particularly within the areas of well being and training as a nationwide response to the COVID-19 pandemic. Lately, the State of Senegal revised the second precedence motion plan of the Senegal Emergent Plan (PAP 2/PSE) to combine the complete authorities’s restoration plan. This adjusted and accelerated PAP 2 (PAP 2A), to win the guess to revive the financial system, backs its imaginative and prescient on the precedence of “endogenous improvement oriented in direction of a positive and extra aggressive productive sector with the involvement of a robust nationwide non-public sector in addition to on the ideas of ethics, native desire and solidarity. The PAP 2A is dedicated to selling an financial system primarily based on “decreasing dependence on the skin by sustainable and inclusive industrialization”; “accelerating meals, well being and pharmaceutical sovereignty”; “strengthening of social safety for higher resilience” in addition to “higher capability for personal sector intervention within the financial system”. The next sectors are subsequently the topic of specific consideration: intensive, ample and resilient agriculture, an inclusive well being system, an environment friendly training system, a robust nationwide non-public sector and the strengthening of social safety, industrial transformation and the digital financial system.
As well as, in Could 2020, the United Nations COVID-19 Readiness Plan and Response in Senegal was launched on the premise of the UNDAF, the cooperation framework between the United Nations and Senegal. The doc detailed the actions of the completely different UN entities to enhance nationwide efforts undertaken within the battle towards the virus and its unfold. It additionally outlined quick interventions to deal with the financial and social penalties of the pandemic in Senegal, aligned with the Financial and Social Resilience Program launched by the Authorities of Senegal in April. Following a assessment performed in July 2020, it was assessed that roughly US$234 million would have been required for the pressing implementation of actions to help the Authorities’s efforts till the tip of 2020. An quantity of roughly US$73 million was foreseen within the type of a mortgage.
Due to the reallocation of already present assets, about US$ 161 million was made obtainable by the assorted UN companies in Senegal.
Donor contributions helped to make up the remaining steadiness. With the launch of this new socio-economic framework, the COVID-19 Readiness and Response Plan is coming to an finish. All of the actions that weren’t accomplished have been transferred to the socio-economic framework whereas remaining included within the COVID-19 Readiness Plan and Response Plan offered to the Authorities in addition to within the UNDAF.The United Nations system, with a view to making ready for a post-Covid period, presents a framework to help international locations to emerge from this disaster and create economies and societies which might be extra resilient to shocks of such magnitude. This framework is predicated on the paradigm of “Constructing Again Higher” and extra particularly it’s about utilizing the of restoration, rehabilitation and reconstruction phases after a catastrophe to extend the resilience of countries and communities by integrating catastrophe danger discount measures into the restoration of bodily infrastructure and societal techniques, and into the revitalization of livelihoods, economies and the surroundings.
Thus, within the case of Senegal, this framework of the United Nations system is structured across the 5 pillars. • Assure important well being providers and shield well being techniques;
• Assist folks address adversity by social safety and primary providers;
• Shield jobs, help small and medium enterprises and staff within the casual sector by sustainable financial restoration applications;
• Strengthen and focus fiscal and monetary stimulus measures in order that macroeconomic insurance policies profit essentially the most susceptible, a inexperienced restoration and the strengthening of multilateral and regional responses;
• Promote social cohesion and put money into group resilience and response techniques;
Every pillar requires a sure variety of actions that ought to give attention to the primary axes of structural insurance policies to be carried out to make sure the achievement of the SDGs by way of a resilient financial system and an equitable society.
The primary pillar is to ensure important well being providers and shield well being techniques.
To this finish, it is suggested to formulate structural insurance policies for the well being system that may assure the capability to soak up shocks whereas persevering with to supply ambulatory and particular care. Extra particularly, the next measures needs to be operationalized: • Implementing well being safety primarily based on well being system reform;
• Making certain sovereignty within the manufacturing and provide of medicines.
The three merchandise of pillar 1 are: PSI.1. Speedy analytical and coverage help and technical recommendation is offered; PSI2: Safe supply of environment friendly important providers is supported; and PSI3. Monitoring for the continuity of providers and reaching susceptible populations is supported.
The second pillar focuses a set of measures geared toward serving to folks address adversity, by social safety and primary providers.
From a “Constructing Again Higher” perspective, it’s subsequently essential to implement insurance policies with the intention to have a safety system that may make it doable to: • Breaking the vicious circle of poverty by increasing money switch mechanisms to the poorest and permitting them to have entry to primary social providers resembling respectable housing, a wholesome residing surroundings, well being care, infrastructure (roads), water, sanitation, and so on.
• Institutionalizing the Single Nationwide Register to make it the reference database with essentially the most susceptible households • Selling high quality vitamin and meals for kids, particularly by a meals and dietary distribution system for pregnant girls and youngsters.
• Supporting the continuity of high quality water and sanitation providers • Inclusion of staff within the casual financial system, by extending the simplified regime for the small taxpayer to all ranges of the social safety system.
• Stopping and defending towards the elevated dangers of violence and abuse towards girls and youngsters.
The six pillar merchandise are: PS2.1: Social safety techniques are strengthened to make them extra resilient and pro-poor; PS2.2:
Upkeep of important meals and dietary providers is supported; PS2.3: Continuity of high quality water and sanitation providers supply is supported; PS2.4: Studying for all kids and adolescents, ideally in colleges, is supported; PS2.5: Specialised safety for significantly susceptible teams is strengthened and PS2.6: Mechanisms for stopping and responding to violence towards girls and youngsters, particularly gender-based violence, are strengthened The third pillar will give attention to defending jobs, supporting small and medium enterprises and staff within the casual sector by sustainable financial restoration applications. To this finish, it’s essential to implement: • Job creation insurance policies that needs to be centered round sectors able to propelling structural transformation;
• SME improvement insurance policies in sectors which might be engines of progress; with the intention to be extra resilient, to satisfy inside demand, on the one hand, and to present precedence to native uncooked supplies of their industrial transformation processes, alternatively;
• Insurance policies for the reintegration of younger folks and girls into the labor market to scale back their vulnerability and make sure the resilience of the financial system;
• Mechanisms to advertise the inexperienced and round financial system by the event of sectors driving progress, SMEs and respectable jobs;
The three merchandise of the pillar are: PS3.1: essentially the most affected productive sectors, employment and staff, particularly girls and youth are protected; PS3.2: productive sectors are strengthened to selling sustainable respectable jobs and PS3.3: the transition to a more healthy and extra environment friendly inexperienced and round financial system is supported The fourth pillar will give attention to strengthening and guiding fiscal and monetary stimulus measures in order that macroeconomic insurance policies profit essentially the most susceptible, inexperienced restoration and strengthening multilateral and regional responses. The key actions to be carried out will relate particularly to: • The orientation of the macroeconomic insurance policies targets in direction of those who assure the inclusion of susceptible populations and consideration of the surroundings;
• The usage of budgetary devices in favor of younger folks, girls and staff within the casual financial system.
Roughly talking, the intention is to make public funding a key driver for the inclusion of susceptible teams in macroeconomic insurance policies.
• Taking the surroundings under consideration in budgetary measures by integrating the constraint of preserving the surroundings, biodiversity, and so on. into the basic targets of macroeconomic insurance policies.
• The promotion of an financial system with quick circuits, i.e. one that’s oriented, as a precedence, in direction of home and regional markets.
The three merchandise of the pillar are: PS4.1:
Assessments of the influence of COVID-19 on the macroeconomic and sectoral ranges are performed to assist design an instantaneous financial and monetary response to the disaster, in addition to extra sustainable restoration insurance policies;
PS4.2: The advance of the proof base for policymaking, together with in emergency response is supported and PS4.3: Steerage for elevated mobilization and monitoring of sustainable improvement financing and for the effectivity of spending is offered.
The fifth and remaining pillar goals to advertise social cohesion and put money into group resilience and response techniques. On this perspective, it’s vital to hold out the next actions: • Put money into sustainable resilience techniques, involving the participation of all stakeholders, and particularly the group, and thus promote an inclusive social dialogue;
• Arrange mechanisms that make sure the continuity of public providers, even in disaster conditions, with an emphasis on the usage of digital expertise;
• Consolidate the essential processes of social dialogue and democratic engagement presently underway;
• Strengthen governance, elementary freedoms and the rule of regulation with the intention to guarantee the correct functioning of democracy even in occasions of disaster and the discount of inequalities and violence;
• Construct on city communities to strengthen social cohesion, by mobilizing the participation of girls, youth, susceptible and marginalized populations, significantly in poor and densely populated casual city areas and slums.
The three merchandise of the pillar are: PS5.1:
Inclusive social dialogue, advocacy and political dedication are inspired; PS5.2:
Resilience by equitable service supply and group participation are strengthened and PS5.3: Governance, elementary freedoms and the rule of regulation are strengthened.
Thus, the assorted actions that fall inside the framework of “Constructing Again Higher” reply to an instantaneous emergency which is to battle towards the unfold of COVID-19 and to restrict its penalties on human lives and the financial system, generally. Nonetheless, the long run concept is to construct a resilient system which is a central goal for structural measures. The implementation of those actions is damaged down into merchandise and every of them requires the help of the companies of the United Nations system and the assorted ministerial establishments of the Authorities.
To operationalize the merchandise of the assorted actions of every pillar, the useful resource mobilization and partnership technique will give attention to supporting the UNS nation crew and the Authorities within the financing and enough implementation of the socio-economic response to COVID-19. On this sense, the choice might be made for a mix of conventional, non-traditional and/or blended partnerships and funding sources. The usage of varied and diversified mechanisms inside the UNS may even make it doable to strengthen the sustainability of the financing of the assorted tasks.
With regard to monitoring and analysis, the Nation Workforce will proceed to report towards the outcomes indicators of the Cooperation Framework Plan for Sustainable Growth which integrates and maintains the alignment of the outcomes framework with the targets of the assorted SDGs. As well as, the Nation Workforce will proceed to work with the Authorities to proceed its alignment with the monitoring framework of the 2nd Precedence Motion Plan of the Senegal Emergent Plan (PAP2) and contribute to the preparation of the nationwide report on the 2030 Agenda. The monitoring framework of the Socioeconomic Framework might be built-in into the UNINFO platform, which is a web-based device that permits planning, monitoring and communication of the outcomes of the United Nations System intervention.
With regard to communication, coordination in relation to the United Nations technical communication group, will make sure the visibility of the interventions of the Socio-economic framework in favor of adjustments within the outcomes achieved in every of the 5 pillars.